apache 设置虚拟机

术语”虚拟主机“是指在一个机器上运行多个网站(比如:www.company1.comwww.company2.com)。如果每个网站拥有不同的IP地址,则虚拟主机可以是”基于IP“的;如果只有一个IP地址,也可以是”基于主机名“的,其实现对最终用户是透明的。

Apache是率先支持基于IP的虚拟主机的服务器之一。1.1及其更新版本同时支持基于IP和基于主机名的虚拟主机,今后,不同的虚拟主机有时会被称为”基于主机“或”非IP虚拟主机“。

下列文档会阐述Apache1.3及其更新版本所支持的虚拟主机的所有细节。

1、由于后面虚拟机中需要用到Rewrite所以先编辑Apache的conf目录下的httpd.conf文件。(可根据实际需要操作)

 

添加mod_rewrite.so模块支持。去掉下列行中前面的#号。

 

LoadModule rewrite_module modules/mod_rewrite.so

 

2、配置apache支持虚拟机。这一步很重要。

 

# Virtual hosts

#Include conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

 

找到 上面相关文本,去掉#Include conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf前的#。

 

# Virtual hosts

Include conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

 

保存退出。

 

3、编辑conf目录下extra文件夹下的httpd-vhosts.conf。

 

去掉实例配置,添加新有配置。以新浪微博为例,配置文件如下:

 

#

# Virtual Hosts

#

# If you want to maintain multiple domains/hostnames on your

# machine you can setup VirtualHost containers for them. Most configurations

# use only name-based virtual hosts so the server doesn’t need to worry about

# IP addresses. This is indicated by the asterisks in the directives below.

#

# Please see the documentation at

# <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/vhosts/>

# for further details before you try to setup virtual hosts.

#

# You may use the command line option ‘-S’ to verify your virtual host

# configuration.

 

#

# Use name-based virtual hosting.

#

NameVirtualHost *:80

 

#

# VirtualHost example:

# Almost any Apache directive may go into a VirtualHost container.

# The first VirtualHost section is used for all requests that do not

# match a ServerName or ServerAlias in any <VirtualHost> block.

#

<VirtualHost *:80>

 

#管理员邮箱

ServerAdmin jiangfeng3@staff.sina.com.cn

 

#项目根目录

DocumentRoot “D:/htdocs/frame_export”

 

#域名

 

ServerName test.t.sina.com.cn

 

#别名

ServerAlias test.t.sina.com.cn

#错误日志路径

 

ErrorLog “logs/test.t.sins.com.cn-error.log”

CustomLog “logs/test.t.sins.com.cn-access.log” common

RewriteEngine on

 

#重写规则,可根据实际需要添加

RewriteRule ^/(.*)$ /apps/index.php [L]

</VirtualHost>

 

4、编辑本地host文件,以windows为例

 

进入C:\Windows\System32\drivers\etc

 

记事本打开hosts文件

 

最后添加

 

127.0.0.1 localhost

127.0.0.1 www.onbno.com

 

例子:

 

# Copyright (c) 1993-2009 Microsoft Corp.

#

# This is a sample HOSTS file used by Microsoft TCP/IP for Windows.

#

# This file contains the mappings of IP addresses to host names. Each

# entry should be kept on an individual line. The IP address should

# be placed in the first column followed by the corresponding host name.

# The IP address and the host name should be separated by at least one

# space.

#

# Additionally, comments (such as these) may be inserted on individual

# lines or following the machine name denoted by a ‘#’ symbol.

#

# For example:

#

# 102.54.94.97 rhino.acme.com # source server

# 38.25.63.10 x.acme.com # x client host

 

# localhost name resolution is handled within DNS itself.

127.0.0.1 localhost

# ::1 localhost

127.0.0.1 www.onbno.com

 

保存退出

 

5、重启apache,浏览器输入http://www.onbno.com

 

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